For women all over the world, who are dominating men around the world, here you go. Give yourself a pat on the back. Cause you have more physiological reasons to not be than you could have ever imagined.
Kudos to you, and your small muscles mass, miniature lung capacity, greater fat percentage, large pelvis, miniscule heart, and drastic heart rate.
The average 18-year-old man is 70.2 in. tall and weights 144.8lbs. The average woman at the age of 18 is 64.4 in. tall and weights 126.6lbs. This difference in size affects the amount of physical work that can be performed by men and women.
Men have 50% greater total muscle mass, based on weight, than women do. A woman who is the same size as her male counterpart is generally only 80% as strong. Therefore, men usually have an advantage in strength, and power over women.
Women carry about 10% more body fat than do men of the same age. Men accumulate fat primarily in the back, chest, and abdomen; women gain fat in the buttocks, arms, and thighs. Also, because the center of gravity is lower in women than in men, women must overcome more resistance in activities that require movement of the lower body.
Women have less bone mass than men, but their pelvic structure is wider. This difference gives men an advantage in running efficiency.
HEART SIZE AND RATE
The average woman’s heart is 25% smaller than a man’s. Therefore, a man’s heart can pump more blood with each beat. The larger heart size contributes to the slower resting heart rate (5-8 beats a min slower) in males. This lower rate is evident both at rest and at any given level of submaximal exercise. Thus, for any given work rate, the faster rate means that most women will become fatigued sooner thna men.
Women generally are more flexible than men.
The lung capacity of men is 25-30% greater than that of women. This gives men still another advantage in the processing of oxygen and in doing aerobic work such as running.
RESPONSE TO HEAT
A woman’s response to heat stress differs somewhat from a man’s. Women sweat less, lose less heat through evaporation, and reach higher body temperatures before sweating starts. Nevertheless, women can adapt to heat stress as well as men. Regardless of gender, individuals with a higher level of physical fitness generally better tolerate, and adapt more readily to, heat stress than do less fit individuals.
Although females must sometimes be treated differently from males, women can reach high levels of physical performance. Leaders must use common sense to help both males and females achieve acceptable levels of fitness.
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